Women in Latin America
History 6396 
Professor Kellogg, AH 558 ext. 3-311

This course examines Latin American women's history from the prehispanic period to the present day. We will examine women's experiences in a variety of Latin American countries and at different time periods. This course has two overarching goals. The first is historiographical and methodological (and has two parts): we will consider how historians have approached the study of women and gender. Students also should come away with a comprehensive knowledge of the historical literature on Latin American women. We will discuss how useful models and explanations developed for women in the U.S. or Europe are for understanding women's historical experiences in Latin America. The second goal is for students to comprehend the varying experiences of women of different classes, races, and ethnicities, from rural and urban areas, during ordinary times and during periods of extreme social upheaval and change. An overarching theme we will address is whether gender identity shapes how people experience the world in a fundamental way and how historians and others describe those experiences. 

Those who would like a general introduction to Latin American history might consult E. Bradford Burns, Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History (6th ed., 1994). 

Required Work 
The class is organized around discussion of assigned readings. Each class member will be responsible for leading a discussion of a particular week's readings. The other assignment is a paper but here you have a choice as to the type of assignment you would like to do. It is important that you do the reading! If I feel that class members are not discussing the reading in sufficient detail, I reserve the right to assign short papers on each book. 

Choice A: 
This choice is to write a standard research paper on a topic related to the history of Latin American women. The paper should be around 20 pages in length. 

Choice B 
This choice consists of interviewing and writing an oral history of a women or women of Latin American descent and/or experience living in Latin America. The oral history should bear on gender issues (broadly defined) and should include an annotated bibliography of at least 5 articles and/or books that bear on the topic. 

Each student will be responsible for giving the class a 15-20 minute oral presentation reporting on his/her project late in the semester. The paper will count for approximately 2/3 of the grade. Class participation, presentation, and discussant activities will count for approximately 1/3. Your paper will be due on Monday, May 5. 

Required Books: 

Isabel Allende, The House of the Spirits 
Marguerite Bouvard, Revolutionizing Motherhood 
Barbara Bush, Slave Women in Caribbean Society 
Sandra Lauderdale Graham, House and Street: The Domestic World of Servants and Masters in 19th-Century Rio de Janeiro 
June Hahner, Emancipating the Female Sex: The Struggle for Women's Rights in Brazil, 1850-1940 
Asunción Lavrin, Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America 
Mary Eliz. Perry, Gender and Disorder in Early Modern Seville 
Irene Silverblatt, Moon, Sun, and Witches: Gender Ideologies and Class in Inca and Colonial Peru 
Lois Smith and Alfred Padula, Sex and Revolution: Women in Socialist Cuba 

Topics for Reading and Discusion

Week 1 
Introduction and Organization Session 
"Evita" We are going to see the movie as a class, and will discuss the best way to organize this activity. 

Week 2 
The Basics of Women's History and Hispanic Background 
articles to be assigned and Perry 
Gerda Lerner's talk 
Law School, Krost Hall Auditorium, 1:45 
Please note: both the film, "Evita," and this talk are required activities for this course. 

Indigenous Women; the Development of Gender Roles and Practices of Sexuality in Colonial Latin America 
Silverblatt and Lavrin 
**A statement of your paper topic is due at this meeting. 
African Women in the Americas 

Week 4 
Women, Work, and Society in the 19th Century 
Women and Politics in the 19th Century 

Week 5 
Women, Work, and Politics in the 20th Century 
Smith and Padula 
**A refined statement of your topic plus bibliography is due at this meeting. 

Spring Break 

Week 6 
Other Ways of Narrating Women's Experiences 

 The final two weeks of class are reserved for your presentations. Please note that I will be available to meet with you at any of those meetings or after the last day of class to discuss suggestions for the final versions of your papers. 

List of Articles and Chapters 
Arrom, Silvia, 1985. Employment. Marital Relations (chs 4,5).The Women of Mexico City, 1790-1857. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 

Behar, Ruth,1993. Introduction and Part Four: Reflejos/Reflections.Translated Woman: Crossing the Border with Esperanza's Story. Boston: Beacon Press. 

Besse, Susan, 1989. Crimes of Passion: The Campaign Against Wife Killing in Brazil, 1910-1940. Journal of Social History, 22:4. 

Fernández-Kelly, María Patricia,1983. Maquiladoras: The View from Inside (ch.6). For We Are Sold: I and My People: Women and Industry inMexico's Frontier.Albany: State University of New York Press. 

Guy, Donna,1991. Dangerous Women: Legalized Prostitution (ch.2). Conclusion. Sex and Danger in Buenos Aires: Prostitution, Family, and Nation in Argentina. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 

 Kelly, Joan,1984. Did Women Have a Renaissance? Women, History and Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (1977) 
______ The Doubled Vision of Feminist Theory. See above. (1979) 

 Lavrin, Asunción,1978. In Search of the Colonial Woman in Mexico: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Latin American Women: Historical Perspectives, ed. byA. Lavrin. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 

Lerner, Gerda,1986 The Creation of Patriarchy (ch.11). The Creation of Patriarchy. NY: Oxford University Press. 

______1993 The Search for Women's History (ch.11). The Creation of Feminist Consciousness. NY: Oxford University Press. 

 Levine, Robert,1994. The Cautionary Tale of Carolina Maria de Jesus. Latin American Research Review 29(1). 

 Moraga, Cherie, 1986. From a Long Line of Vendidas: Chicanas and Feminism. In Feminist Studies, Critical Studies, Teresa de Lauretis, ed., pp.173-90. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 

Simpson, Amelia, 1993. Xuxavision: Programmed Euphoria (ch.2).Xuxa: The Mega-Marketing of Gender, Race and Modernity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 

Stone, Lawrence 1994 The Use and Abuse of Herstory. The New Republic, 210:18 (issue #4, 137). 

Stoner, K. Lynn 1987 Directions in Latin American Women's History. 
Latin American Research Review (22(2).



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