The  Best U.S. History Teaching Resources on the World Wide Web







·  Ancient Architects of the Mississippi


800 years ago the lower Mississippi Delta was home to some of the most highly organized civilizations in the world. There were roads, commerce, and metropolises anchored by awe-inspiring earthen monuments. This National Park Service “virtual tour” allows users to explore the lives of the moundbuilders of the Eastern Woodlands.


·  Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site


This site provides a variety of articles about life in Cahokia, a remarkable urban center that had 20,000-25,000 inhabitants during the 12th century.






Native Americans


·  A Collection of Annotated Primary Source Materials on Native Americans During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries


Introduction: The Historical Pocahontas

Native Americans Discover Europeans

       William Wood (1634)

       A Gentleman of Elvas (1557)

       Joseph Nicolar (1893)

       Chrestien Le Clerq (1676)


     The Diversity of Native America

       Juan de Onate (1599)

       Pedro de Castenada (1542)

       William Penn (1683)

       Pierre de Charlevoix (1761)


     Indigenous Customs

       Childbirth and Infancy

         Adriaen Van der Donck (1655)

         John Long (1791)

         Waiyautitsa (1922)


       Boyhood and Girlhood

        Gabriel Sagard (1632)

        John Heckewelder (1819)

        Charles Eastman (1902)

        Cries-for-salmon (1922)


       Courtship and Marriage

         Chrestien Le Clerq (1676)


       Marital Relations and Gender Roles

         John Heckewelder (1819)

         Gabriel Sagard (1632)


Cultures in Conflict

     Introduction: Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet

     Coexistence and Conflict in the Spanish Southwest

       Pedro Naranjo (1680)

       Alexander Forbes (1839)


     Conflict and Accommodation in the Northwest

       Samuel De Champlain (1604)

       William Apes (1836)

       William Bradford (1636)

       Miantonomo (1642)

       Edmund Randolph (1675)


     Conflict and Cooperation in the Southeast

       Powhatan (1609)

       Dr. Henry Woodward (1674)


     Native Americans and the Great Wars for


       A Speech of the Onnodages & Cajouga



       Ostenaco (1765)

       Minavavana (1761)

       Pontiac (1763)


·  First Nations Histories


Histories, currently of 49 tribes, which provide extensive information about the culture, social organization, language, and histories of Native Americans.


·  Native American Religion in Early America


This interactive instructional module compares and contrasts Native American and European religions in order to study how they interacted in early America.




The Spanish Borderlands


·  A Collection of Annotated Primary Source Materials on the Spanish Borderlands During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries



Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

            Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca


The Spanish Borderlands

            Francisco Vázquez de Coronado


Resistance and Accommodation in New Mexico

            Don Antonio de Otermin


Missionary Activity in New Spain's Northern Frontier

            Captain F. W. Beechey

            Alexander Forbes

California's Mission System

            Pablo Tac

            Eulalia Pérez


Junípero Serra: Saint or Emissary of Empire?

            Junípero Serra


The Fantasy Image of the Southwest

            Pedro Bautista Pino

            William Shaler


Hardening Class Lines

Debts to Spanish and Mexican Cultures




African Americans and the Origins of Colonial Slavery


·  A Collection of Primary Sources on Enslavement, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and Colonial American Slavery


"Death's Gwineter Lay His Cold Icy Hands on Me": Enslavement

1. A European slave trader, John Barbot, describes the African slave trade (1682)

2. A Muslim merchant, Ayubah Suleiman Diallo, recalls his capture and enslavement (1733) 3. Olaudah Equiano, an 11-year old Ibo from Nigeria remembers his kidnapping into slavery (1789)

4. Venture Smith relates the story of his kidnapping at the age of six (1798)


"God's A-Gwineter Trouble de Water": The Middle Passage

5. A European slave trader, James Bardot, Jr., describes a shipboard revolt by enslaved Africans (1700)

6. Olaudah Equiano describes the horrors of the Middle Passage (1789)

7. A doctor, Alexander Falconbridge, describes conditions on an English slaver (1788)


"Dere's No Hidin' Place Down Here": Arrival

8. Olaudah Equiano describes his arrival in the New World (1789)

9. An English physician, Alexander Falconbridge, describes the treatment of newly arrived slaves in the West Indies (1788)


·  Africans in America: The Terrible Transformation
A companion site to the PBS television documentary “Africans in America,” which explores the history of the Atlantic slave trade and the origins of American slavery during the period 1450-1750. The
Narrative describes the history of the period; the Resource Bank provides annotated images, documents, biographies, and commentaries by historians; and a Teacher's Guide helps instructors integrate the materials into their classroom.



British Settlement during the Seventeenth Century



·  America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century


This Library of Congress exhibit looks at the religious persecution in Europe that drove so many to the shores of British North America where these new settlers established colonies often centered on passionate religious convictions;




New England Colonies


·  Caleb Johnson’s Mayflower Web Pages
This site contains a history of the Mayflower, representations of the ship, documents related to the ship’s voyage, and information about the passengers’ wills. It also discusses such topics as the lives of women and girls in Plymouth, the “first”  Thanksgiving, crime and punishment of crime in the colony, and the life of Tisquantum (Squanto).

·  Plimoth-on-Web: Plimoth Plantation’s Web Page

This site tells the story of Plymouth Colony from 1620 to 1692. 17th-century Wampanoag Clothing describes and illustrates the clothing worn by the Native Wampanoag in the 17th century. Pilgrim Clothing illustrates the clothing worn by the Pilgrims. Emigration of the Pilgrims tells the story of the Pilgrims, including life in England, their flight into and life in Holland and their emigration to the "New World." The Rising Generation: Children in Plymouth Colony explores childhood in 17th-century New England.


·  Puritan and Predestination


Historian Christine Leigh Heryman offers a concise history of the Puritians and what they believed.




The Salem Witch Scare

·  Witchcraft in Salem Village


This essay assesses a variety of perspectives on the single most intensively studied event in colonial North American history.


·  Salem Witchcraft Hysteria
A multimedia introduction to events in Salem in 1692 created by the National Geographic.


·  The Salem Witchcraft Trials
This site include transcripts of trial records and examinations of six accused witches; arrest warrant of two witches (image and text); petitions of two convicted witches awaiting execution; petitions for compensation, and a decision concerning compensation; and two letters of Gov. William Phips on the execution of justice in Salem.



Chesapeake Colonies


·  Colonial Williamsburg


The section Meet the People allows user learn about their struggles and triumphs of early Virginians. In Experience Colonial Life, users explore the trades, politics, and other aspects of 18th-century living. In See the Places, users learn about their history as they tour colonial Virginia. The Colonial Dateline highlights events from 1750-1783. A Historical Glossary identifies important terms, events, and individuals in colonial history. Also available is a biographical study of Captain John Smith that separates the man from myth.


· Jamestown Historic Briefs


Handouts for teachers, created by the National Park Service, deal with such subjects as John Smith, Pocahontas, comparing Jamestown and Plymouth, the role of women at Jamestown, work, and Bacon’s Rebellion.


·  Jamestown Rediscovery

This site, created by the Association for the Preservation of Virginian Antiquities, provides a brief history of Jamestown, a list of early settlers, and a timeline of events leading up to the settlement of Jamestown.


·  Library of Virginia Digital Library Program


The Digital Library Program has digitized more than 2.2 million original documents, photographs, and maps, and produced more than 80 fully-searchable databases, indexes, and electronic finding aids.




Middle Colonies


The Middle Colonies as the Birthplace of American Religious Pluralism

Historian Patricia U. Bonomi examines the factors that contributed to religious tolerance in the Middle Colonies.






·  Divining America: Religion and the National Culture


The First Great Awakening explores the causes of this powerful surge of religious zeal;  Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies examines the factors that contributed to religious tolerance in this region; The Church of England examines the history of this religious group in the colonies; Religion, Women, and the Family examines how religion shaped the way people related to their spouses and raised their children; and Religion and the American Revolution analyzes the role of religion in the coming of the Revolution.


·  DoHistory


This Website allows users to explore the process of piecing together the lives of ordinary people in the past. Focusing on the life of Martha Ballard, a midwife and healer, as revealed in her diary, the site teaches students to interpret fragments that survive from a period of history The site offers two in-depth, interactive examples of how to do history: Doing History:   One Rape. Two Stories. and Martha and a Man-Midwife. It also provides material on: Genealogy, How to Use Primary Sources, Midwifery and Herbal Medicine, Teaching with this Web site, Diaries, Films about the Past.


·  The Emergence of American Evangelicalism: The Great Awakening

This Library of Congress exhibit challenges the view that religious zeal was declining during the eighteenth century.


·  Stratford Hall


This site contains succinct essays on Education for Boys and Girls, Music and Dance, Indentured Servants and Transported Convicts, Slavery,  Medicine and Health, and Leisure Time and Games.






·  Colonial American Maps


An extensive collection of rare early American maps from the colonial period.


· Colonial Currency and Colonial Coins
http://www.coins.nd.edu/ColCurrency/ and http://www.coins.nd.edu/ColCoin/

This site, created by the Notre Dame University’s Special Collections, examines the value of money in the American colonies.






·  Africans in America: Revolution
A site, created by PBS Online to supplement the television documentary “Africans in America,” which explores the impact of the revolutionary era on the lives of African Americans. It examines the African American role in the war and the meaning of the Constitution for slavery. The
Narrative  describes the history of the period; the Resource Bank Contents, which provides annotated images, documents, biographies, and commentaries by historians; and a Teacher's Guide, to help instructors integrate the materials into their classroom.


·  Colonial and Revolutionary War Songs


This site offers lyrics and sound clips from songs of the Colonial and Revolutionary eras.


·  Early Virginia Religious Petitions


presents images of 423 petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802 from more than eighty counties and cities.


·  Religion and the American Revolution
This Library of Congress site illustrates the contribution of religious leaders and religious ideas to the coming of the War of independence.


·  Spy Letters from the American Revolution


The Clement Library at the University of Michigan presents Letters, Stories, Methods, People, Routes, and a Timeline.


·  Yorktown Historic Briefs


Handouts for teachers, created by the National Park Service, on the siege of Yorktown.




American Revolution Reference Resources


·  Eighteenth-Century Documents


An extensive collection of primary source documents dealing with the Revolutionary Era placed online by the Avalon Project of the Yale Law School.





·The American Constitution: A Documentary Record
This site contains the documents that laid the foundation for the conceptions of rights included in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.  It also contains notes from the Constitutional Convention, texts from the ratification debates, and state constitutions.


·  The Constitution And The Amendments


This searchable site, contains the U.S. Constitution, the Amendments, and Amendments never ratified, allows users to easily search by keywords.


·  Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789


This Library of Congress site contains 274 documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution.


·  The Federalist Papers


An on-line version of the Federalist Papers, the essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison to rally support for the ratification of the Constitution.






Benjamin Franklin


·  Benjamin Franklin


Information on Franklin’s life, his family life, and his place in the history of science, created by the Franklin Institute.


·  Benjamin Franklin: A Documentary History
A documentary survey of the life of Benjamin Franklin, maintained by J.A. Leo Lemay, Professor of Colonial American Literature at University of Delaware. The site contains a year-by-year chronology of Franklin’s life, as well as a searchable database of Franklin’s collected writings.



Alexander Hamilton


·  The Rise and Fall of Alexander Hamilton
This site examines Hamilton’s background, his experience during the revolutionary war, his political battles, and changes in his image over time.




Thomas Jefferson


·  Getting the Word


Seven generations of oral histories of the descendants of Monticello’s slaves.


·  Historical Text Archive: Thomas Jefferson


This set of links provides easy access to Jefferson’s writings on the World Wide Web.


·  Jefferson's Blood


The companion site to the PBS Frontline program covering the controversy regarding Thomas Jefferson and his relationship with Sally Hemings, his slave, contains clips from the television show, as well as scientific and historical evidence surrounding the story.


· Monticello


This site provides information about Jefferson’s home and the people who worked on his plantation.


·  Thomas Jefferson


This Website, a supplement to the Public Broadcasting Service series on Jefferson, contains transcripts of interviews with scholars evaluating Jefferson’s life and ideas as well as lesson plans designed to help students analyze Enlightenment ideas in the classroom.



·  Thomas Jefferson: A Guide to Resources on the WWW


Links to biographical resources, writings, time lines, and interpretations by historians available on the World Wide Web.




George Washington


·  George Washington and Mount Vernon


This site contains an online tour of Mount Vernon, a lesson plan about George Washington’s life, and a online exhibit about George Washington and slavery.


·  George Washington and Slavery


A leading authority on George Washington examines his place in the controversy over slavery.


·  The George Washington Papers

This site, created by the Library of Congress, includes a Time Line,   Essays drawing on George Washington Papers, and an on-line presentation about  George Washington: Surveyor and Mapmaker.






·  Religion and the Founding of the American Republic


This Library of Congress exhibit includes: Religion and the Congress of the Confederation,  which examines the policies of America’s first national government toward religion; Religion and the State Governments, which illuminates the policies of the revolutionary state governments toward religion, ranging from disestablishment in Virginia to multiple establishments in New England states; Religion and the Federal Government, which focuses on the status of religion in the new federal government; and Republican Religion which traces the fortunes of religion






·  “The Presidential Election of 1800”


A July 1873 article from The Atlantic by historian James Parton.






·  Alexis de Tocqueville


This C-Span site contains extensive information about Tocqueville's visit to the United States and his observations about democracy.


·  Daniel Webster


Documents, speeches, and images from the Massachusetts Senator’s alma mater, Dartmouth College.


·  Divining America: Religion and the National Culture


This site includes essays by leading religious historians on American Jewish Experience - 19th C.;  Mormonism and the American MainstreamEvangelicalism/Second Great Awakening; Evangelicalism as a Social Movement; African-American Religion; and Roman Catholics and Immigration.


·  Readings on Jacksonian America

Primary sources on religion, transportation, communication, education, slavery and antislavery, manners, violence, and many other topics.


·  Timeline on the Jacksonian Era

A detailed timeline connected to primary source documents dealing with the Jacksonian Era.






·  The Seminole Tribe of Florida


The Seminole Indians of Florida present their own history, including the story of Seminole resistance to the removal policy.


·  The Trail of Tears
This site identifies the key people, terms, events, and consequences of the removal of the Cherokees from Western Georgia.






·  A collection of primary source documents dealing with slave labor, religious and family life under slavery, and resistance. 


"We Raise de Wheat, Dey Gib Us de Corn": Conditions of Life

10. Solomon Northrup describes the working conditions of slaves on a Louisiana cotton plantation (1853)

11. Charles Ball compares working conditions on tobacco and cotton plantations (1858)

12. Josiah Henson describes slave housing, diet, and clothing (1877)

13. Francis Henderson describes living conditions under slavery (1856)

14. Jacob Stroyer recalls the material conditions of slave life (1898)

15. James Martin remembers a slave auction (1937)

"Like a Motherless Child": Childhood

16. Jacob Stroyer recalls the formative experiences of his childhood (1898)

17. James W.C. Pennington analyzes the impact of slavery upon childhood (1849)

18. Lunsford Lane describes the moment when he first recognized the meaning of slavery (1842)


"Nobody Knows de Trouble I See": Family

19. Laura Spicer learns that her husband, who had been sold away, has taken another wife (1869)

20. An overseer attempts to rape Josiah Henson's mother (1877)

21. Lewis Clarke discusses the impact of slavery on family life (1846)


"Go Home to My Lord and Be Free": Religion

22. Olaudah Equiano describes West African religious beliefs and practices (1789)

23. Charles Ball remembers a slave funeral, which incorporated traditional African customs (1837)

24. Peter Randolph describes the religious gathers slaves held outside of their master's supervision (1893)

25. Henry Bibb discusses "conjuration" (1849)


"Oppressed So Hard They Could Not Stand": Punishment

26. Frederick Douglass describes the circumstances that prompted masters to whip slaves (1845)

27. John Brown has bells and horns fastened on his head (1855)

28. William Wells Brown is tied up in a smokehouse (1847)

29. Moses Roper is punished for attempting to run away (1837)

30. Lewis Clarke describes the implements his mistress used to beat him (1846)


"My Lord Says He's Gwineter Rain Down Fire": Resistance

31. Frederick Douglass resists a slave breaker (1845)

32. Nat Turner describes his revolt against slavery (1831)


"Follow the Drinkin' Gourd": Flight

33. Margaret Ward follows the North Star to freedom (1879)

34. Frederick Douglass borrows a sailor's papers to escape slavery (1855, 1895)

35. Harriet Tubman sneaks into the South to free slaves (1863, 1865)

36. Henry "Box" Brown escapes slavery in a sealed box (1872)

37. Margaret Garner kills her daughter rather than see her returned to slavery (1876)


"The Walls Came Tumblin' Down": Emancipation

38. Private Thomas Long assesses the meaning of black military service during the Civil War (1870)

39. Corporal Jackson Cherry appeals for equal opportunity for former slaves (1865)

40. Jourdan Anderson declines his former master's invitation to return to his plantation (1865)

41. Major General Rufus Saxon assesses the freedmen's aspirations (1866)

42. Colonel Samuel Thomas describes the attitudes of ex-Confederates toward the freedmen (1865)

43. Francis L. Cardozo asks for land for the freedmen (1868)

44. The Rev. Elias Hill is attacked by the Ku Klux Klan (1872)

45. Henry Blake describes sharecropping (1937)

46. Frederick Douglass assesses the condition of the freedmen in 1880


·  African American Religion in the Nineteenth Century


Laurie Maffly-Kipp, a professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina examines the fusion of African and Christian religious beliefs and practices.


·  African American Women


The slave letters from the Duke University Library’s Special Collections provide a rare firsthand glimpse into the lives of slaves and the relationships they had with their owners.


·  Africans in America: Judgement Day
This site, a supplement to the PBS series, covers the years 1831-1865, and provides primary source documents and commentary from leading historians dealing with such topics as the the material conditions of slave life, the impact of slavery on the family, abolition, the Fugitive Slave Law, Bleeding Kansas, John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, and wartime emancipation.


·  Exploring Amistad

This site contains over 500 primary documents including court documents, journal entries, and newspaper stories dealing with the Amistad Affair, which began as a shipboard revolt off the coast of Cuba and resulted in a protracted legal battle over slavery and the slave trade.


·  An Introduction to the Slave Narrative


An interpretation of the slave narratives by William L. Andrews, a leading authority on the subject.


·  North American Slave Narratives


This site include all the narratives of fugitive and former slaves published in broadsides, pamphlets, or book form in English up to 1920 and many of the biographies of fugitive and former slaves published in English before 1920.


·  Third Person, First Person: Slave Voices
This site uses documents from the Duke University Library’s special collections to document the slave trade, slave labor, the impact of the Revolution on slavery, the nature of life in the slave community, and slavery’s collapse.






·  The Roots of Slavery: A Bibliographical Essay


An up-to-date review of the literature of American slavery.






·  Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia


First person accounts, essays on the slave system, slave life, key events, and biographies of abolitionists.




Fugitive Slaves


·  Forgotten Heroes of Freedom


Despite formidable odds, many enslaved African American ran away from slavery. Leon Litwack, the Morrison Professor of American History at the University of California at Berkeley, assesses the frequency of flight from slavery, the forms that this took, and the motives that precipitated flight.




The Law of Slavery


·  Slavery and the Law


Paul Finkelman, a leading legal authority on slavery, looks at how lawyers and jurists were able to reconcile slavery with the nation’s commitment to liberty and equality.




A Model Class Website


·  Slavery in the Western Hemisphere


An impressive “multimedia textbook” created by a high school advanced placement class that covers such topics as resistance, antislavery, interpretations of slavery, supplemented with primary sources.






·  Denmark Vesey


An 1861 account of Denmark Vesey’s attempted insurrection by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, published in The Atlantic.  Also see “Denmark Vesey: Forgotten Hero,” http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/vesey.htm.




Underground Railroad


· Taking the Train to Freedom


This National Park Service site provides a general overview of the Underground Railroad, with a brief discussion of slavery and abolitionism, escape routes used by slaves.








·  Abolition


This Library of Congress exhibit includes antislavery petitions, songs, children’s magazines, and other original sources documenting the struggle to abolish slavery.


·  American Visionaries: Frederick Douglass


An online exhibit created by the National Park Service featuring documents and artifacts at the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site in Washington, D.C.


·  The Colonization Movement


This Library of Congress online exhibit includes primary sources that document the history of the movement to transport free blacks to Africa.




Women’s Rights


· The American Woman of the Early 19th Century


This site describes the shifting roles and perceptions of women in the decades before the Civil War.


· History of Woman’s Suffrage


This site provides information about the first women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848, as well as women’s struggle for the vote.


·  Women and the Law in 19th Century Indiana


This site examines women’s legal rights in the areas as divorce, abortion, and crime.


·  Worcester Women’s History Project


Speeches, letters, and other primary source documents relating to the first national women’s rights convention in Worcester, Mass., in 1850.






The Irish Potato Famine

·  The Great Irish Famine Curriculum


A high school curriculum, including activities, on the Irish famine.


·  History of the Irish Famine


A historical overview of Irish famine, supplemented with a bibliography.


·  History of Irish Potato Famine


This site contains primary sources documenting the history of the famine combined with stories, songs, and assessment of conflicting historical interpretations.


·  Interpreting the Irish Famine


This site includes photographs and reporting and commentaries by Irish, English, and American observers.


·  Strokestown Park House and The Irish Famine Museum


The famine museum uses a combination of original documents and images from the Strokestown collection to explain the circumstances of the Irish Famine.


·  Views of the Famine


This site contains contemporary newspaper illustrations and articles about the Irish famine of 1845-1851 and includes early 100 engravings from the Illustrated London News, the Pictorial Times, and Punch.






·  Conner Prairie


Documents and articles on diverse life in Indiana and the United States before the Civil War, including women’s lives, clothing medicine and disease, food, transportation, and religion. Conner Prairie is a living history museum in Fishers, Indiana.


·  Old Sturbridge Village


This site provide information about everyday life in New England during the early 19th century. Old Sturbridge Visitor articles is a searchable archive of articles from the Village's quarterly magazine. Mills and Waterpower provides animations and narrations to help explain how waterpower works. Children Everywhere explores the lives of children during the early 19th century. In Ask Jack, Old Sturbridge Village historian Jack Larkin answers questions aboout America's past. Tour of the Village offers an online tour of the Village complete with pictures, sounds, and panoramic views.


·  The University of Pennsylvania in 1830


A virtual tour of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1830.






·  A Collection of Annotated Primary Source Materials on the Southwestern Borderlands During the Nineteenth Century



·  The Donner Party


A daily log of the Donner Party's journey, including diary entries for each day, and quotes from original sources and histories.


·  The End of the Oregon Trail
This site contains a primer on the history of the Oregon trail; an Oregon Trail chronology, a

Timeline of black history in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest; a discussion of Slavery in the Oregon Country and an explanation of the exclusion laws ; and biographical sketches of black pioneers and settlers in the Northwest


·  The Gold Rush in San Francisco
Links to documents, images, chronologies, and articles related to the California Gold Rush created by the Museum of the City of San Francisco.


·  Images of the West

This  site contains a selection of 65,000, historic photographs from the collections of the Denver Public Library Western History/Genealogy Department and the Colorado Historical Society, including images Native Americans, pioneers, early railroads, mining, Denver and Colorado towns. Notable collections depict Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, the Clarence Moreledge photographs at Wounded Knee, and the Charles S. Lillybridge collection which depicts daily life in Denver around the turn of the century. Click here to see a list of photographers and subjects.


·  Lewis and Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery


The companion site to the PBS series contains a time line, journals from the expedition, historians reflections on the expedition, information on the Indian peoples that the expedition encountered, and lesson plans and activities.


·  Mountain Men and the Fur Trade
An on-line Research Center devoted to the history, traditions, tools, and mode of living, of the trappers, explorers, and traders, it contains diaries, letters, narratives, business records, maps, images, and art works relating to the Mountain Men during the years 1800-1850.


·  New Perspectives on the West

Companion site to the television documentary, The West. This site includes: Events in THE WEST, an interactive timeline tracing events from pre-Columbian times to the early twentieth century; Places inTHE WEST, an interactive map covering the territory and the times; People in
, an interactive biographical dictionary of historical figures; and Archives of
, documentary materials including memoirs, journals, letters, photos and transcripts






·  Bleeding Kansas


Books, diaries, autobiographies, and letters documenting the struggle over slavery in territorial Kansas.


·  John Brown’s Holy War


The companion site to PBS’s American Experience broadcast contains a timeline, maps, glossary, and historical overviews on a variety of topics related to John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry.


·  19th Century Documents
The full text of the Fugitive Slave Act, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and other important antebellum political documents.


·  Uncle Tom’s Cabin and American Culture

Texts, images, songs, 3-D objects, and film clips relating to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin.






·  Abraham Lincoln Online


The 16th President’s speeches, writings, and images.


·  The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln


This Library of Congress site provides a variety of visual images to document the assassination of the nation’s 16th President.


·  Mr. Lincoln’s White House


This site profiles six family members, 16 Cabinet officers and Vice Presidents, 21 Generals, 17 members of Congress, 18 staff members, and over two dozen other visitors.


·  Racial Satire and the Civil War: Case Study--Abraham Lincoln


This site traces the development of racial caricature in American political cartoons during the mid-19th century.


·  Rhetoric of Freedom


Articles from The Atlantic magazine from the 1860s onward dealing with Lincoln’s public speeches.






·  Chronology of Emancipation during the Civil War


A chronology listing important events in the history of emancipation during the Civil War.


·  Civil War Knowledge Bank


Lesson plans and resources that allow teachers and students to study: Economic Differences Between The North and South;  Sectionalism and Literature; Socioeconomic to Political Differences; Sectionalism Resulting in a Breakdown of Law and Order; Significance of the Election of 1860; Lincoln's Decision to Go to War; The Trial of Robert E. Lee; and Changing Confederate Attitudes, From the Female Perspective.


·  The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System


This is a computerized database containing very basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War; a list of regiments in both the Union and Confederate Armies; identifications and descriptions of 384 significant battles of the war;


·  Civil War Women


The Duke University Library has made Civil War era diaries available online, which bring women’s wartime experience to life.


·  The Fight For Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War


This National Archives site uses original documents to describe the struggles of black soldiers to defeat slavery and to win equal rights within the Union Army.


·  Letters from the Front
Letters from soldiers on both sides of the Civil War describe specific battles.

·  Poetry and Music of the War Between the States
A collection of songs and poems from supporters of the Union and the Confederacy.


·  Selected Civil War Photographs


This collection of over a thousand photographs from the Library of Congress includes military personnel, preparations for battle, battle after-effects,  portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, politicians, cultural figures, and a selection of enlisted men.


·  The Southern Homefront, 1861-1865


A collection of official documents, private correspondence, and pamphlets that focuses on Confederate life behind the battlelines.


·  Time Line of the Civil War


An interactive, illustrated time line of the major political, military, and social events that occurred during the Civil War.




African Americans and the Civil War


·  African Americans in the Civil War
Newspaper articles from August 1862 to May 1865 that record the African American experience during the Civil War.


·  "Toward Racial Equality:  Harper's Weekly Reports on Black America,



Articles, illustrations, and cartoons from Harper’s Weekly dealing with slavery and emancipation from the late 1850s into Reconstruction.






·  Richard Jensen: Civil War Historiography


A succinct summary of the war’s causes; the two sides’ goals, strengths, weaknesses, and strategies; and the major battles.




Lesson Plans


·  Not Just a Man’s War: Women in the American Civil War, 1861-65


Classroom activities, focusing on women’s experience during the Civil War, appropriate for students of a variety of ages and ability levels that draw upon resources available on the World Wide Web and upon primary source documents.






·  African American Migrations After the Civil War


This Library of Congress exhibit describes African American migrations out of the South, focusing on the Kansas Exodusters, western homesteading, and migration to Chicago.


·  African-American Perspectives
A searchable collection of 300 pamphlets by African Americans mainly focusing on the period 1875 to 1900.


·  The Emma Spaulding Bryant Letters
This collection of letters from Emma Bryant to her husband John, who worked for the Freedmen’s Bureau during the summer of 1873, shed light on marital relationships during the mid-19th century and on the problems of Reconstruction.


·  Finding Precedent: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
This site features more than 200 excerpts from Harper’s Weekly’s coverage of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial, supplemented by political cartoons and biographies and portraits of 28 major figures from the trial. The site also contains explanatory material on: Reconstruction Policy:  Radicalism versus Conservatism, Future Control of Congress, The Tenure of Office Act, Personal Considerations Affecting the Vote to Impeach, and the
legal, political and Constitutional arguments, used in the impeachment trial.


·  "Toward Racial Equality:  Harper's Weekly Reports on Black America,



Articles, illustrations, and cartoons from Harper’s Weekly dealing with slavery and emancipation from the late 1850s into Reconstruction.






Transcontinental Railroad


·  Driving the Last Spike


A 1925 article on the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad plus links to other primary sources on its construction.




Native Americans


·  The Sand Creek Massacre Project


This National Park Service site examines the events that took place Nov. 29, 1864, when approximately 700 volunteer soldiers attacked 500 Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians along Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado Territory.




Western Lawmen and Gunfighters


·  Kansas Heroes and Villains


Biographical sketches of Kansas lawmen and gunfighters.






The Gilded Age


·  The Gilded Page

A collection of essays, novels, genres, and non-fiction writings widely read between 1866 and 1901.


·  The Great Chicago Fire
Essays, documents, photographs and illustrations about the Great Chicago Fire and the way it transformed the city of Chicago created by the Chicago Historical Society.


·  Mark Twain in His Times

An interpretive archive, drawn largely from the collections of the University of Virginia Library, focusing on how "Mark Twain" and his works were created and defined, marketed and performed, reviewed and appreciated. It contains texts, manuscripts, contemporary reviews and articles, images, and interactive exhibits.


·  Women and Social Movements in the United States


Collections of documents and other instructional materials on: The Appeal of Female Moral Reform, 1835-1841; Lucretia Mott's Reform Networks, 1840-1860; Bible Communism and Women of the Oneida Community, 1848-1879; Women and the Freedmen's Aid Movement, 1863-1870; Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 1878-1917; African-American Women and the Chicago World's Fair, 1893; Illinois Factory Inspection, 1893-1897; Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Woman Suffrage, 1900-1915; Local Branches of the American Association of University Women, 1900-1940; Workers and Allies in the New York City Shirtwaist Strike, 1909-1910; Women and the Lawrence Textile Strike, 1912; Women's Peace Mission to European Capitals, 1915; Impact of Margaret Sanger and Mary Ware Dennett on the Birth Control Movement, 1915-1924; Lobbying for Passage of the National Suffrage Amendment, 1917-1920; Middle-Class Women Provide Maternity Health Services for Immigrant Women, 1917-1920; National Woman's Party and the Enfranchisement of Black Women, 1919-1924; Women Suffragists and Partisan Politics, New York, 1920; Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations in the 1920s; Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and Right-Wing Attacks, 1923-1931.




Late 19th Century Labor


·  The Dramas of Haymarket



·  A Short History of American Labor


The American Federation of Labor’s account of the history of labor.






·  American Imperialism
An extensive site about American imperialism and anti-imperialism at the turn of the century that includes essays, political cartoons, maps, photographs, and primary source documents.


·  The Philippine-American War


This site contains includes historical texts, essays, photographs, political cartoons, and other illustrations documenting the Philippine Revolution, the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War.


·  Puerto Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age: Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Perspectives


This site portrays the early history of the commonwealth of Puerto Rico through first-person accounts, political writings, and histories drawn from the Library of Congress's collections. It highlights the land and its resources, relations with Spain, the competition among political parties, reform efforts, and recollections by veterans of the Spanish-American War. Most materials in this collection are in Spanish.


·  The Spanish-American War Centennial Website


The site contains Spanish American War ChronologyAction Reports and First Hand Accounts, information about the The US Navy and The Spanish Navy, Weapons Profiles, Personal Profiles, Unit Profiles, Rosters & Photos, information about War in Cuba, War in the Philippines, War in Puerto Rico, The War in Hawaii and Guam,  Medicine in the War, The Home Front, Journalism and the War, and Music of the War.

·  The White Man’s Burden and Its Critics


Analyses of Rudyard Kipling’s essay.






·  The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
This site contains oral histories, photographs, political cartoons, and other primary source materials dealing with1911 factory fire.


·  On the Lower East Side

This site contains a collection of articles, documentary sources, and study guides describing life on Manhattan’s Lower East Side.


·  The South Texas Border, 1900-1920


8,000 photographs documented the Lower Rio Grande Valley during the early 1900s.


·  Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film


104 films spanning from the Spanish-American War in 1898 through Roosevelt’s death in 1919.


·  Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century
This online exhibit includes images from the national Portrait Gallery and biographical commentary.




Children and Child Labor


·  Child Labor in America, 1908-1912: The Photographs of Lewis W. Hine


The photographs include Hine’s original captions.


·  The Orphan Trains of Kansas


Newspaper accounts, personal stories, official documents, images, a time line, and a narrative history describe the stories of the more than 5000 children placed in Kansas homes between 1867 and 1930.






·  The Evolution of the Conservation Movement
A searchable database of sources related to the conservation movement from 1850 to 1920. Part of the Library of Congress American Memory collection, the site contains a timeline of major events and developments, as well as a searchable archive of books, pamphlets, state papers, illustrations, and photographs.



The New Immigrants


·  The INS: History, Genealogy, and Education


This site contains instructions for historical and genealogical research using INS records. It will also be the future home of information and resources designed for the use of primary and secondary school teachers. Historical Research Tools, including legislative history, nationality interpretations, and information on family history research, Read or print an Overview of INS History, and browse other historical articles. Immigrant Arrival Records (about the records and research tools). See especially the catalog Ports of Entry & their Records. What immigration records were created when, and where, since 1892.  Naturalization Records (what they are, about INS copies since 1906 ). Chinese Immigrant Files (Catalogs of holdings in Regional Archives and in Washington, DC). Kids, teachers, and parents will want to visit the Kids' Corner and Teacher Resources. This month in Immigration History takes a closer look at important or interesting events in immigration history.


·  Ellis Island


An Ellis Island time line, and online exhibits on immigration.


·  Ethnic Mosaic of the Quad Cities





Popular Culture


·  The Coney Island History Site
An illustrated history of Coney Island. Created by Jeffrey Stanton, who is currently writing a history of Coney Island, the site contains photographs, illustrations, advertisements, and a narrative describing the several parks that made up this urban amusement center.

·  Excerpts from D.W. Griffith’s Greatest Films



·  Titanic


Articles from the National Geographic magazine on the sinking of the Titanic and efforts to photograph the wreckage.

·  Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920
The site includes the scripts of Yiddish and English plays, theater playbills and programs, motion pictures, sound recordings, photographs, and memorabilia relating to the life and career of Harry Houdini.




Woman Suffrage


·  Created Equal: History of the Suffrage Movement


This site includes a chronology of events leading up to women’s right to vote.


·  Votes for Women: NAWSA, 1848-1921
An archive of books, pamphlets, and papers from the National American Women Suffrage Association from 1848 to 1921. This exhibit from the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress contains 167 documents from the NAWSA collection. It can be searched by subject or author and also contains a detailed timeline.

·  Votes for Women: Photographs
A collection of 38 pictures and portraits from the women’s suffrage movement. An American Memory exhibit from the Library of Congress, the collection can be accessed through a keyword search or the name and subject index. The collection includes photographs of suffrage parades, picketing suffragists, and an anti-suffrage display; cartoons commenting on the movement; and portraits of women active in the movement.





·  The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century


This companion site to the PBS and BBC series contains interviews, time lines, maps, and images.


·  Recordings from World War I and the 1920 Election
59 one to five minute sound recordings of speeches by American leaders at the turn of the century on issues and events surrounding the First World War and the presidential election of 1920.


·  Trenches on the Web


This site contains documents, biographies, posters, maps, time lines, statistics, and photographs.


·  The World War I Document Archive

The site contains documents by year, Memorials, Personal Reminiscences, a WWI Biographical Dictionary, a WWI Image Archive,  Special Topics and Commentaries, The Maritime War, The Medical Front, and Conventions, Treaties, & Official Papers.


World War I Image Archive







·  Chicago: Destination for the Great Migration


This Library of Congress site uses documents and images from its collections to describe the Great Migration from the South to Chicago.


·  Inherit the Wind


A hypertext analysis of the play Inherit the Wind that provides background information on the 1925 Scopes “Monkey” Trial.


·  The 1920s

The site contains images, timelines for each year of the decade, brief descriptions of people and trends.


·  Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929


This site documents the nation's transition to a mass consumer economy and the role of government in this transition.


·  The Survey Graphic, Harlem Number, March 1925
The March 1925 edition of Survey Graphic magazine helped bring the work of the writers of the Harlem Renaissance to national attention. 


·  Temperance and Prohibition


A project developed at Ohio State University, it explores why the U.S. adopted prohibition; traces the growth of the brewing industry; examines the Woman’s Crusade of 1873 and 1874; analyzes the development of the Anti-Saloon League; and contains cartoons from the Prohibition party, images of old-time saloons, and arguments for and against prohibition.






·  America in the 1930s


This site views the 1930s through the lenses of its films, radio programs, literature, journalism, museums, exhibitions, architecture, art, and other forms of cultural expression.


·  Cavalcade of the American Negro, 1940


Library of Congress mini-exhibit on a book produced by the Illinois Writers' Project of the WPA, the Cavalcade of the American Negro, a sweeping history of black contributions to all phases of American life from 1865 to 1940.


·  Depression Era Songs of Woody Guthrie


The lyrics of the ballads of folksinger Woody Guthrie.


·  FDR Cartoon Archive


An archive of editorial cartoons dealing with Franklin Roosevelt and his administration.

·  FDR’s Statements on Social Security
Thirteen addresses by Franklin Roosevelt on Social Security.

·  The History Website of the Social Security Administration


This site, which contains an overview of the history of the Social Security system, also includes
Francis Townsend’s proposal for old age pensions and writings by Roosevelt’s critics Father Charles Coughlin and Huey Long


·  The New Deal Network

This site contains over 500 articles, speeches, and letters dealing with the New Deal, 4,000 images, selections from the WPA slave narratives,
A broad array of materials on New Deal arts and public works projects. Established by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and the Institute for Learning Technologies at Columbia University, the site contains a photo gallery, a document collection that includes Depression-era correspondence between Eleanor Roosevelt and citizens, and excerpts from the American Slave interviews that were conducted through the Works Progress Administration.


·  A New Deal for the Arts
An online exhibition  that uses of texts and images from the National Archives to examine New Deal era federal art programs, the art works that were created, and the controversies they provoked.


·  Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945
A searchable collection of more than 55,000 photographs that document the impact of the Depression and World War II on rural life.

·  Reading Photographs


A curriculum guide to help students interpret photographs depicting New York City during the 1930s.


·  Roosevelt and the Supreme Court: Constitutional Issues—Separation of Powers


A lesson plan built around documents from the National Archives relating to Franklin Roosevelt's attempt to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court.


·  The Scottsboro Boys


Articles from the Baltimore Afro-American on the 1931 case.


·  Then and Now Prices During the Great Depression


An activity in which students compare today’s prices of common products with those during the Depression.


·  Voices from the Dust Bowl
A collection of materials from the Farm Security Administration migrant work camps in California. Maintained by the Library of Congress, the site includes migrant workers’ songs, correspondence, photographs, and explanatory text. It is searchable by keyword or medium.





·  The Avalon Project: World War II Documents
Official documents, including  treaties, military directives, policy statements, and records of wartime conferences.

· Baltimore Afro-American Black History Museum


This archive includes articles on the Tuskegee Airmen and the African American troops during the war.


·  Poster Art from World War II
An online exhibit featuring 33 posters and one sound file examines the way that the government mobilized the public for war.

·  Rutgers Oral History Archive of World War II
Interviews in which men and women describe their wartime experience.


·  Women Come to the Front
This site examines the experiences of wartime women journalists.


·  Okinawa


This site contains Biographical Essays, Chronology, Photos, and Annotated Bibliographies.


·  World War II Images







·  World War II Song Lyrics



· World War II Resources


An extensive collection of primary sources including diplomatic documents, the Pearl Harbor attack hearings, documents relating to military intelligence, and Roosevelt’s speeches.






·  A-bomb WWW-Museum
A Japanese site that contains information on the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagisaki, which includes photographs and oral histories.


·  Atomic Bomb: Decision


Documents on the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagisaki.


·  Rare Footage Documents Devastation at Hiroshima


Footage of the aftermath of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.






·  The Interstate Highway System and Car Culture
A historyof the Interstate Highway System during the 1950s that includes subsections on government policy, billboards, motels, diners, Levittown, and gas stations.

·  Levittown: Documents of an Ideal American Suburb


This project includes photographs made by residents and visitors since the late '40s, written reminiscences and texts, and essays, but only a portion of the material is currently available on the Internet.


·  Literature and Culture of the American 1950s


Extensive primary and secondary source readings on such aspect of life and culture in Cold War America as art, foreign policy, gender, jazz, the movies, and rock ‘n’ roll, as well as biographical material on major and minor figures of the era.

·  Project Whistlestop: Harry Truman
A searchable collection of images and documents from the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library, this site contains personal letters, speeches, photographs, political cartoons, and official documents relating to
The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb the recognition of Israel, the Marshall Plan, the Truman Doctrine, the desegregation of the Armed Forces, the 1948 Campaign, the Berlin Airlift, NATO, and the Korean War.





·  The Cold War


CNN's documentary series Web site contains archival footage; biographies, maps, recently declassified documents, and classroom guides.


·  Library of Congress’s Soviet Archives Exhibit


Documents and translations from the Soviet Archives reveals the inner workings of the Soviet system and Soviet-U.S. relations during the Cold War.


·  The Marshall Plan


This online Library of Congress exhibit provides primary sources, a time line and map, and various assessments, pro- and con-, of the Marshall Plan, on its fiftieth anniversary.


·  The National Security Archives at George Washington University


The archives publishes declassified foreign policy documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, including material on Cuba, Guatemala, Iran, and the Soviet Union.


·  The Rosenberg Communiques
Excerpts from 49 declassified Soviet cables dealing with accusations of atomic spying and the case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.


·  Sound and Video Files from the 1950s

For audio clips from Senator Joe McCarthy,  see http://webcorp.com/mccarthy/. For scenes from Nixon’s Checkers speech, see http://webcorp.com/video/nixon/nixonvideo.html. Additional sound files are available at http://webcorp.com/test/audioarchive.htm.






·  A Collection of Annotated Primary Source Materials on Mexican Americans During the Twentieth Century



·  Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson
This online exhibit describes the color line that segregated baseball for many years, the Negro Leagues, and Branch Rickey and Jackie Robinson--two men who played key roles in integrating the sport--and Robinson's career as a Dodger and his civil rights activities.


·  Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement


A virtual tour of the churches, schools, and other historic sites that played pivotal roles in the Civil Rights struggle, created by the National Park Service.


·  Martin Luther King, Jr.
This site contains a civil rights time-line, commentary by King’s contemporaries, photographs, and an assessment of King’s legacy.

·  Mississippi Civil Rights Oral History Bibliography

Transcripts of 15 oral histories relating to the Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi.


Model Student Projects


·  Get on the Bus: In Search of America’s Civil Rights Movement


Fourteen University of Michigan students traveled 2,525 miles, visiting Civil Rights sites in Atlanta, Memphis, Birmingham, Montgomery and Selma.



THE 1960s



·  Cuban Missile Crisis


An online exhibit focusing on the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.


·  Documents from the Women’s Liberation Movement
A searchable collection of documents dealing with the women’s movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s focusing on such topics as women’s roles, work, organizations, music, and medical and reproductive rights.


·  Free Speech Movement Archives
This collection contains speeches, leaflets, interviews, memoirs, and audio clips examining the history and legacy of the Free Speech Movement.


·  John F. Kennedy Library and Museum
Speeches, sound files, official documents, photographs, records from the presidency of John F. Kennedy,supplemented with collections of information about the 1960 presidential debates, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the civil rights movement, the space program, and President Kennedy’s assassation.


· LBJ in the Oval Office


A collection of Lyndon Johnson’s speeches and secretly recorded conversations.


·  The Sixties Project
This site contains documents relating to the radical movementsof the 1960s plus several online exhibits dealing with such topics as public protest and sixties buttons.


·  The Space Race

Photographs, quotations, and other materials that place the space race in the context of the Cold War struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union.






·  Vietnam Documents
A collection of documents relating to U.S. involvement in Vietnam and the United States from 1941 to the fall of Saigon.

·  Vietnam Memories: Pictures from Vietnam
Photographs from Vietnam taken between 1970 and 1975 by Neal Ulevich, an Associated Press photographer.


·  Vietnam Era Antiwar Song Lyrics







·  Watergate
A history of the Watergate Affair that contains an extensive collection of primary sources, sound files, speeches, and other documentary materials.

·  Watergate


This CNN-Time Magazine site contains Time’s coverage of the Watergate affair, a Watergate glossary, political cartoons, and streaming video.


·  Watergate


This 1997 Washington Post supplement, marking the 25th anniversary of the Watergate burglary, contains  a chronology, description of the key figures involved in the affair, and discussion of the reforms that grew out of the investigation.





·  The Gulf War
A companion site to the PBS documentary, the site contains oral histories, sound files, maps, a chronology, interviews with decision-maker, and a section on weapons and technology.

·  Men of the Year: Reagan, Andropov, and Gorbachev
This site reproduces three Time Magazine “Man of the Year” articles: a 1980 article discussing Ronald Reagan's appeal on the eve of his presidency; a 1983 article on Reagan and the new Soviet leader Yuri Andropov; and a 1987 article examining Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (economic liberalization).

·  The Impeachment Trial


The PBS NewsHour site contains a sources relating to the impeachment and acquittal of President Bill Clinton, supplemented with guide to impeachment and a history of impeachment.








· Ad*Access


7000 ads from 1911-55 dealing with radio, television, beauty and hygiene, transportation, and World War II.


American South

·  First-Person Narratives of the American South
A collection of narratives on the South by southerners. Part of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s “Documenting the American South” collection, the reminiscences span from the antebellum period to 1920. With the full texts online along with thumbnail images of the book’s illustrations, covers, and spines, the sources consist of autobiographies, memoirs, and diaries by a variety of Southerners from former slaves to Confederate soldiers to women at home.

Annotated Web Guides


·  Blue Web’n



·  Scout Report for the Social Sciences



Autobiographies and Life Histories

·  American Life Histories
A collection of 2,900 documents from the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers’ Project, a WPA program which collected a series of American life histories during the depression. The Library of Congress collection includes 2,900 documents representing the work of over 300 writers from 24 states. The documents, which are searchable by state and subject, include interview drafts and revisions and describe the informant’s family education, income, occupation, political views, religion and mores, medical needs, diet and miscellaneous observations.



·  Historical Background Of The Census


The history of the U.S. census and of how it is conducted.


·  U.S. Historical Census Browser


Demographic, economic, and social data from the 1790 through the 1960 censuses.


Diplomatic History


·  U.S. Diplomatic History Resources





·  Online Encyclopedias

Encarta Africana


Click on article index.


·  Encyclopedia Britannica


The complete Encyclopedia Britannica online.


·  Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia





·  Colonial Movie Critic


An assessment of Hollywood’s portrayals of the 18th century.


Historical Images


·  Barnard College Image Database


A searchable database of images of portraits, maps, and events.


·  Built in America


Images that document America’s built environment from the 17th through the 20th centuries, including 350,000 images and 35,000 written histories of buildings, sites, and designs.


·  Digitial Librarian Guide to Images on the WWW


Links to image databases on the World Wide Web.


·  Historical Images


Historical images from Brooklyn College’s course on the development of modern world civilization since the Scientific Revolution.


·  Images of African Americans in the 19th Century


Images from New York’s Schomburg Library.


·  Images of American Political History


An easily searchable index of images from U.S. political history.


·  Touring Turn of the Century America: Photographs from The Detroit Publishing Company, 1800-1920


A searchable collection of 25,000 glass negatives and transparencies as well as about 300 color photolithograph prints, mostly of the eastern United States.


Legal and Constitutional History


·  Exploring Constititutional Conflicts


This site explores the controversies that surround the U.S. Constitution during U.S. history: The Power of Judicial Review, Theories of Interpretation, The Incorporation Debate, Evolution/Creationism, Freedom (Not) to Associate, Right to Bear ArmsThe Death Penalty, Liberty of Contract?, The Right to an Abortion, Gay Rights, The Family & the Constitution, and Separate but Equal Education.


·  Famous Trials





·  Historical Maps of the United States, The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, The University of Texas at Austin


Maps are available on early Indian peoples, European settlement, territorial growth, and military history.


·  Rare Map Collection, University of Georgia


800 maps spanning 500 years.



·  From Quackery to Bacteriology: The Emergence of Modern Medicine in 19th Century America


An on-line exhibit from the University of Toledo


·  Images from the History of Medicine


Nearly 60,000 prints and photographs from the U.S. National Library of Medicine.




·  Corrido


The ballads of Mexico and of the Mexican borderlands.


Newspaper Accounts of Historic Events


·  Major Events in American History


Press Coverage of the Louisiana Purchase, The Southampton Slave Revolt, The Fall of the Alamo,  The News of the Fall of the Alamo Gets Out, The Wright Brother's Flight


Political Cartoons


·  Political Cartoons of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era



Presidential Libraries


· Gateway to Presidential Libraries





·  Divining America: Religion and the National Culture


An interactive curriculum developed by the National Humanities Center to explore the role of religion in the development of the United States.


17th & 18th Centuries
  Native American Religion
  Puritanism and Predestination
  Witchcraft in Salem Village
  The First Great Awakening
  Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies
  The Church of England
  Religion, Women, and the Family
  Religion and the American Revolution

 19th Century
  American Jewish Experience - 19th C.
  Mormonism and the American Mainstream
  Evangelicalism/Second Great Awakening
  Evangelicalism as a Social Movement
  African-American Religion
  Roman Catholics and Immigration
20th Century
  Religious Liberalism
  The Rise of Fundamentalism
  The Scopes Trial
  Marcus Garvey & the UNIA
  Roman Catholics & American Mainstream
  American Jewish Experience - 20th C.
  Islam in America
  Religion in Post-World War II America
  The Christian Right


Science and Technology


·  Engines of Our Ingenuity


Over 1500 discussions of the technological innovations that reshaped the world and the people who created them.


·  The Nuclear Age Timeline

A survey of the development of nuclear technology through the present.




·  Douglass Archives of American Public Address


An electronic archive of American oratory from Northwestern University.


·  History and Politics Out Loud


A searchable archive of politically significant audio material.


Supreme Court


·  Oyez Project


This site contains court opinions, oral arguments, biographies of justices, a virtual tour of the Supreme Court building, and digital recordings of court proceedings.


·  Selected Constitutional Law Decisions


The text of landmark Supreme Court decisions from 1947 to the present.


Using the World Wide Web Effectively


·  Thinking Critically About World Wide Web Resources




·  Marriage, Women, and the Law, 1815-1914
A site provides access to primary and secondary sources, including court cases, statutes, newspapers, diaries, and letters dealing with marriage and the law in the nineteenth century.


·  National Women’s History Project Links


An extensive collection of links to online resources.


·   The 19th Century Women Writers Web


This site contains texts by women writers along with resolutions approved at early woman's rights conventions.


·  Places Where Women Made History


A virtual tour of 74 historic sites in Massachusetts and New York where women made outstanding contributions to the arts, education, government, and reform, created by the National Park Service.


·  Suffragists Oral History Project


Oral histories of seven major figures in the suffrage campaigns.


·  Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment


This site contains documents from the National Archives and teaching activities related to women’s struggle for the vote.


·  Women and Social Movements in the United States


Collections of documents and other instructional materials on: The Appeal of Female Moral Reform, 1835-1841; Lucretia Mott's Reform Networks, 1840-1860; Bible Communism and Women of the Oneida Community, 1848-1879; Women and the Freedmen's Aid Movement, 1863-1870; Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 1878-1917; African-American Women and the Chicago World's Fair, 1893; Illinois Factory Inspection, 1893-1897; Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Woman Suffrage, 1900-1915; Local Branches of the American Association of University Women, 1900-1940; Workers and Allies in the New York City Shirtwaist Strike, 1909-1910; Women and the Lawrence Textile Strike, 1912; Women's Peace Mission to European Capitals, 1915; Impact of Margaret Sanger and Mary Ware Dennett on the Birth Control Movement, 1915-1924; Lobbying for Passage of the National Suffrage Amendment, 1917-1920; Middle-Class Women Provide Maternity Health Services for Immigrant Women, 1917-1920; National Woman's Party and the Enfranchisement of Black Women, 1919-1924; Women Suffragists and Partisan Politics, New York, 1920; Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations in the 1920s; Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and Right-Wing Attacks, 1923-1931.


·Women in America, 1820-1842


Accounts of 18 foreign travelers that describe the conditions of women's lives in the United States.


·  Women's History Magazine Vol. 2


Biographies and essays dealing with women and work.






·  Crisis at Fort Sumter


Crisis at Fort Sumter is an interactive historical simulation and decision making program created by Professor Richard Latner of Tulane University. Using text, images, and sound, it reconstructs the dilemmas of policy formation and decision making in the period between Abraham Lincoln's election in November 1860 and the battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861. The program primarily focuses on Lincoln, both as President-elect and as President. Users place themselves in Lincoln's position and choose a course of action at five critical junctures.

·  Digital Classroom


This National Archives site uses primary source documents from its collections as the basis of interactive exercises on Jackie Robinson; Constitution Day; Constitutional Issues: Separation of Powers; Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art of World War II; Constitutional Issues: Watergate and the Constitution; The Zimmerman Telegram.

·  Edsitement


Lesson plans and instructional modules from the National Endowment for the Humanities’ Edsitement Web Site:

Attitudes Toward Emancipation
Evaluating Eyewitness Reports

Families in Bondage

Images at War

Kennewick Man: Science and Sacred Rights
Life on the Great Plains

Lincoln Goes to War

The Living Symbol

Mark Twain and American Humor

On the Oregon Trail

Other Worlds: The Voyage of Columbus

Perspectives on the Slave Narrative

Regulating Freedom of Speech


Washington and the Whiskey Rebellion

Who Was Cinque?



·  Great Events


These resource guides are based on reporting in The New York Times.

  1. Commodore Perry's Expedition to Japan 1853
  2. The Great Chicago Fire 1871
  3. Overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy 1893
  4. Massacre of the Armenians 1895-1916
  5. The Mob in the 20's
  6. WWI Veterans' Bonus March 1932
  7. Mao's Long March 1934-1935
  8. Rommel's Afrika Corps - WWII 1943
  9. Kefauver Commission on Organized Crime 1950+
  10. Feminist Movement 1967-1971
  11. Manson Family Murders 1969-1971
  12. Anti-Vietnam War Demonstrations 1969
  13. Bangladesh Independence 1971+
  14. Munich Olympic Massacre 1972
  15. Resignation of Vice President Agnew 1973
  16. Return of P.O.W.'s from Vietnam 1973
  17. El Salvador Death Squads 1980-1988
  18. Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe 1980-1991
  19. Fall of Communism in the Soviet Union 1985-1991
  20. John Lennon Shooting 1980
  21. Reagan Assassination Attempt 1981
  22. Falklands War 1982
  23. Bombing of Marine Headquarters in Beirut 1983
  24. U.S. Invasion of Grenada 1983
  25. M.L.King's Birthday Declared National Holiday 1983
  26. Indira Gandhi Assassination 1984
  27. Lebanon Hostage Crisis 1985-1991
  28. Baby "M" & Surrogate Parenting 1987-1988
  29. Iran Contra Hearings 1987-1988
  30. Iran Contra Trials 1989-1990
  31. San Francisco Earthquake 1989
  32. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 1989
  33. Eruption Of Mt. Pinatubo 1991
  34. Manuel Noriega Trial 1989-1993
  35. Clarence Thomas Supreme Court Hearings 1991
  36. Hurricane Andrew 1992
  37. Midwest Flood of 1993


· St. Martin’s Press Research Modules


Students can use these interactive research modules to deepen their understanding of key topics in American history as well as refine their research skills.


The Stono Rebellion

A Virtual Tour of Colonial Williamsburg

To Form a More Perfect Union: The Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1787

The Expansion of White Male Suffrage, 1800-1830

The Transportation Revolution: Getting Goods to Market

The Industrialization of the United States, 1860-1910

Asian Americans, Race and Citizenship in the Late Nineteenth Century

World War I, the League of Nations, and Political Rhetoric

African Americans and the New Deal, 1933-1939

Documenting the Depression in the South: The Farm Security Administration  Photography Collection at the Library of Congress

 N.S.C. 68 and Defense Spending

 The Rise of the Republican Party in the Sunbelt and the South, 1960-1980



The American Revolution, 1775-1781

World War I, the League of Nations, and Political Rhetoric Visual Persuasion: Mobilization Via Government Posters During World War II

N.S.C. 68 and Defense Spending

The My Lai Massacre: Photographs from Life Magazine




Envisioning the New World, 1562

Community and Conflict: Captivity Narratives and Cross-Border Contact in the Seventeenth Century

Colonial Landscapes

The Stono Rebellion

A Virtual Tour of Colonial Williamsburg

The American Revolution, 1775-1781

Meriwether Lewis Observes the Shoshone Indians, 1805

Voices from Slavery: The Letters of Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, 1837-1838

What Do Photographs Tell Us?: Nineteenth-Century Daguerrotypes

Living in the Shadow of Slavery: Augusta Country, Virginia and "The Peculiar Institution" Before, During, and After the Civil War

Who Freed the Slaves?: Frederick Douglass and the Freedman¹s Monument, 1876

Touring Turn-of-the-Century America, 1890-1920: A Photography Exhibit

Documenting Poverty: A Jacob Riis Photograph, c. 1890

Documenting Violence: Ida B. Wells and the Crusade against Lynching, 1892-1900

Jane Addams and Hull-House

A Look at the Harlem Renaissance

Documenting the Depression in the South: The Farm Security Administration Photography Collection at the Library of Congress

Hispano Music and Culture of the Northern Rio Grande, c. 1940

Visual Persuasion: Mobilization Via Government Posters During World War II

Women's Magazines, 1940-1960: Gender Roles and the Popular Press



Community and Conflict: Captivity Narratives and Cross-Border Contact in the Seventeenth Century

Voices from Slavery: The Letters of Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, 1837-1838

Documenting Violence: Ida B. Wells and the Crusade against Lynching, 1892-1900

Jane Addams and Hull-House

Women's Magazines, 1940-1960: Gender Roles and the Popular Press

African American

The Stono Rebellion

A Virtual Tour of Colonial Williamsburg

Voices from Slavery: The Letters of Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, 1837-1838

Living in the Shadow of Slavery: Augusta Country, Virginia and "The Peculiar Institution" Before, During, and After the Civil War

Who Freed the Slaves?: Frederick Douglass and the Freedman¹s Monument, 1876

Documenting Violence: Ida B. Wells and the Crusade against Lynching, 1892-1900

A Look at the Harlem Renaissance

African Americans and the New Deal, 1933-1939

Native American

Community and Conflict: Captivity Narratives and Cross-Border Contact in the Seventeenth Century

Meriwether Lewis Observes the Shoshone Indians, 1805


Colonial Landscapes

The Stono Rebellion

A Virtual Tour of Colonial Williamsburg

Voices from Slavery: The Letters of Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, 1837-1838

Living in the Shadow of Slavery: Augusta Country, Virginia and "The Peculiar Institution" Before, During, and After the Civil War

Documenting Violence: Ida B. Wells and the Crusade against Lynching, 1892-1900

Documenting the Depression in the South: The Farm Security Administration Photography Collection at the Library of Congress

The Rise of the Republican Party in the Sunbelt and the South, 1960-1980


Meriwether Lewis Observes the Shoshone Indians, 1805

Asian Americans, Race and Citizenship in the Late Nineteenth Century

Hispano Music and Culture of the Northern Rio Grande, c. 1940

·  U. Wisconsin Student History Network                    


University of Wisconsin faculty have created Websites designed to teach history through the application of students’ problem solving skills. Virtual Curator: Gives students an idea of how a museum operates. Responses to Industry: First-hand accounts of  industrialization from diverse perspectives. World Trading Centers: Mackinac Island and the Gold Coast History by the Numbers: Using quantitative methods to study history.


·  The Valley of the Shadow


Select “The Eve of War” after you enter this Website, then click on “Reference Center” and follow the link to “Teaching Concepts for the Valley Project in the Classroom.”  The lessons listed draw on the resource of The Valley of the Shadow to give students a firsthand sense of the Civil War era. Exercises include Women in the Civil War;  Free Blacks in Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania; German Born Residents of Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania;   Irish-Born Residents of Augusta and Franklin Counties; The Story of Daniel Downey; Portraits of Individuals, Families, or Groups in Augusta county, Virginia and Franklin County, Pennsylvania; Creating an Individual Biography; Using a Diary; The Garber Family and Slavery in Virginia.








·  New York Times Learning Connection


Lesson plans making use of articles from The New York Times.

High Crimes and Misdemeanors Discussing Impeachable Offenses, Facing the Ghosts of Our Past Writing Narrative Reflections on the Civil War and Slavery, Black and White in United States History: A Gray Area Comparing Old and New Accounts of Thomas Jefferson’s Life, Reliving History Through Writing Writing Autobiographical Essays in the History Classroom, "I" Witness to History Writing First-Person Accounts of Historical Events, Attack on Iraq Investigating the Reasons for and Reactions to Operation Desert Fox, Prosecution or Persecution? Assessing the House’s Vote to Impeach President Clinton, Mapmaker, Mapmaker, Make Me a Map! Assessing the Historical Value of Maps, Breathing New Life into Old Traditions Examining Native American Cultures and Their Ceremonies in the Social Studies Classroom, The President's Day Has Arrived Evaluating the Results of the Presidential Impeachment Trials, Joltin’ Joe Has Left and Gone Away Assessing the Attributes and Influence of Joe DiMaggio and Other American Icons, Explosive Knowledge Tracking Six Decades of Nuclear Weapon Development, Use, and Regulations, Revealing Untold Stories Examining Depictions of Slavery as Presented in a Variety of Texts, The Past Is Gone, But Not Forgotten Examining the Value of Historic Sites, "One Giant Leap for Mankind" Revisiting the Apollo 11 Mission, Whose ``Truth'' Is Out There? Examining the Historical Significance of the ``Evolution Versus Creationism'' Debate, Taking Stock in the Past for the Future Examining the Causes and Effects of the 1929 Stock Market Crash Through News Coverage in The New York Times, Prisoner in One's Own Home An Examination of the Internment of Japanese- Americans During World War II, Stars and Bars Forever? The Evolving Meanings of Historic Symbols, Monuments and Places in the United States, Leading Ladies Exploring the Roles and Successes of First Ladies of the United States of America, Vietnam Once Again Examining Why the Vietnam War Is Still Difficult to Discuss.



·  Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute Curriculum Units







·  American Experience Series (PBS)


Websites are available for the following programs: John Brown's Holy War : Murderer, martyr, hero -- his violent crusade would spark the Civil War. Jubilee Singers: Former slaves sing their way into a nation's heart. Hoover Dam : One of the greatest engineering works in history. The Iron Road : The story of the transcontinental railroad. New York: A Documentary : The history of a great city, and the forces that have shaped it. Mr. Miami Beach : Carl Fisher, the man who invented Miami Beach. The Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie : A look at the poor emigrant boy who built a fortune and then began to systematically give it all away. Troublesome Creek : A personal story of one family's dramatic solution to hold onto their family farm as massive foreclosures sweep the nation. The Wizard of Photography : He transforms photography -- and the way people view the world. The Battle Over Citizen Kane : The fight between Orson Welles and William Randolph Hurst. Houdini : He could escape from everything -- except from his own mortality. Hawaii's Last Queen : The story of Liliu'okalani, the last queen of Hawaii.


·  American Memory, Library of Congress


African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907

African American OdysseyAfrican-American Experience in Ohio

From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909

African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920

Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers

Origins of American Animation

Architecture and Interior Design for 20th Century AmericaBaseball Cards, 1887-1914

By Popular Demand: Jackie Robinson and Other Baseball Highlights, 1860s-1960s

Buckaroos in Paradise: Ranching Culture in Northern Nevada, 1945-1982

California as I Saw It": First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900

California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties

Civil War Maps

Selected Civil War Photographs

The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789

Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929

America's First Look into the Camera: Daguerreotype Portraits and Views, 1839-1862

An American Ballroom Companion: Dance Instruction Manuals, ca. 1490-1920

Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880 - 1920

Inventing Entertainment: the Early Motion Pictures and Sound Recordings of the Edison Companies

American Environmental Photographs, 1891-1936

American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 - 1940

Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years

Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection

“Now What a Time": Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music Festivals, 1938-1943

America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945

George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799

Hispano Music & Culture from the Northern Rio Grande: The Juan B. Rael Collection

Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest

William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz

American Landscape and Architectural Design, 1850-1920: a Study Collection from the Harvard Graduate School of Design

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873

The Leonard Bernstein Collection, ca. 1920-1989

Liberia Maps: Maps of Liberia, 1830-1870

Abraham Lincoln Papers

Southern Mosaic: The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip

Map Collections: 1544-1999

The Last Days of a President: Films of McKinley and the Pan-American Exposition, 1901

First-Person Narratives of the American South, 1860-1920

The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906

The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920

Omaha Indian Music

Creative Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten, 1932-1964

By Popular Demand: Portraits of the Presidents and First Ladies

An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides

Puerto Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age

American Leaders Speak: Recordings from World War I and the 1920 Election

Early Virginia Religious Petitions

Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film

Early Films of San Francisco

Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920

Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, 1870-1885

Sheet Music about Lincoln, Emancipation, and the Civil War

Nineteenth-Century Song Sheets

South Texas Border, 1900-1920

 Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures

Small-Town America: Stereoscopic Views, 1850-1920

Thomas Jefferson Papers

Pioneering the Upper Midwest

The American Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920

Voices from the Dust Bowl

Votes for Women

Washington as It Was

Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

Around the World in the 1890s: Photographs from the World's Transportation Commission, 1894-1896


·  America's Story from America's Library 


Think of this as the Library of Congress, light. Let students of American History explore this colorful site to find out tidbits about history, culture and the people of the United States.


·  Education World: History Resources


For social studies resources, see: http://www.education-world.com/soc_sci/index.shtml


·  Trackstar


The South Central Regional Technology in Education Consortium site contains a large number of history lessons and exercises created by classroom teachers making use of resources on the World Wide Web.







· Frontline



·  HarpWeek


Educational resources available for free are: 19th Century Advertising History, The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, A Sampler of Civil War Literature, Immigrant and Ethnic America, The American West, Black America: 1857 - 1874, and The World of Thomas Nast.


·  History Channel



·  PBS: U.S. History







·  The Cornell University Library Making of America (MOA) Collection


This site is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through Reconstruction,   particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. Among the materials on this site are approximately 24 journals: 
American Missionary (1878 - 1901)
American Whig Review (1845 - 1852)
The Atlantic Monthly (1857 - 1901)
Bay State Monthly (1884 - 1886)
Century (1881 - 1899)
The Continental Monthly (1862 - 1864)
Galaxy (May, 1866 - January, 1878)
Harpers New Monthly Magazine (December, 1889 - November, 1896)
International Monthly Magazine (July, 1850 - April, 1852)
Littell's Living Age (1844 - 1900)
Manufacturer and Builder (January, 1869 - December, 1894)
New-England Magazine (1831 - 1835)
New England Magazine (1887 - 1900)
New Englander (1843 - 1892)
North American Review (1815 - 1900)
The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies (1861 - 1865)
The Old Guard (1863 - 1865)
Punchinello (July, 1870 - December, 1870)
Putnam's Monthly (1853 - 1870)
Scientific American (September, 1846 - September, 1850)
Scribner's Magazine (January, 1887 - June, 1896)
Scribner's Monthly (November, 1870 - October, 1881)
The United States Magazine, and Democratic Review (October, 1837 - October, 1859)
The War of the Rebellion (1880 - 1901)

·  University of Michigan Making of America (MOA) Collection


This is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through Reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. Among the approximately 50,000 journal articles on the site are these magazines: 
Appleton's 1869-1881 (2 series)
Catholic World 1865-1901
DeBow's 1846-1869 + 1952 index (3 series)
Garden and Forest 1888-1897 (from Library of Congress)
Ladies Repository 1841-1876 (3 series)
The Old Guard 1864
Overland Monthly 1868-1900 (2 series)
Princeton Review 1831-1882 (3 series)
Southern Literary Messenger 1835-1864 + 1936 Contributor index
Southern Quarterly Review 1842-1857 (3 series)
Vanity Fair 1860-1862

·  Godey’s Lady’s Book


This site contains five issues of one of the mid-19th century’s most popular women’s magazines.

·  Time Magazine’s “Man of the Year” articles