Binding theory states the principles which describe how one noun or pronoun may determine the reference of another in the same context. For example, in the sentence
the pronoun "him" cannot refer to Scrappy.
Another example: In
- "James thinks Scrappy likes him"
The noun phrase given by the pronoun "He" is fully referential; that is, it cannot be bound any local or non-local phrases (such as the phrase "Steven" in both sentences).
- "He likes Steven."
- "He remembers that Kanzi likes Steven."
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