A few tips on common usages of conjunctions and particles

 

ἀλλά “but”

 

ἄρα (not to be confused with  ἆρα, which may introduce a question)  = “of course,” “then” in an apodosis

 

γε  “at least, at any rate”

 

γοῦν  ”at any rate,”  explaining in what sense a preceding statement ought to be taken

 

δή  “indeed”  used with imperatives, it is common after γάρ 

 

ἤ  

·        καὶ  δὴ καί  = and in particular

 

καί   “and, even, also”

 

μέντοι   “however, and yet”

 

μήν, γε μήν, καὶ μήν  “furthermore”

·        οὐ μόνον... ἀλλὰ καί   “not only...but also”

 

οὐδέ, μηδέ   “and not, nor, not even, not either”

 

οὖν  “ therefore”

 

οὔτε . . οὔτε, μήτε . . μήτε neither... nor”

 

τε  ”and”

 

τοίνυν   ”well then”