Syntax is the study of the grammatical forms of and relations among expressions in a language. (Syntax also is used to refer to the forms and relations themselves.) For example, the sentence "They were sailing ships" is syntactically ambiguous. In one interpretation "sailing" is a verb (the predicate of "they") and in another it is an adjective (describing "ships"). Facts about syntax are distinguished from facts about meaning. (see semantics)

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